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Submitted on
December 28, 2008
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522 (who?)
Cryolophosaurus by Pastori by PaleoPastori Cryolophosaurus by Pastori by PaleoPastori
Fabio Pastori's painting favourite by Mike Fredericks(Prehistoric Times publisher:visit the website![link]

acrylic colours with very thin martin brushes
airbrush 4 background

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Sauropsida
Superorder: Dinosauria
Order: Saurischia
Suborder: Theropoda
(unranked): Tetanurae or Dilophosauridae
Genus: Cryolophosaurus
Hammer & Hickerson, 1994
C. ellioti Hammer & Hickerson, 1994 (type)
Cryolophosaurus (pronounced /ˌkraɪoʊˌlɒfoʊˈsɔrəs/ or /kraɪˌɒləfəˈsɔrəs/, meaning "cold crest lizard") was a large theropod dinosaur, with a bizarre crest on its head that looked like a Spanish comb. Due to the resemblance of this feature to Elvis Presley's pompadour haircut from the 1950s, this dinosaur was at one point informally known as "Elvisaurus".
Cryolophosaurus was excavated from Antarctica's Early Jurassic Hanson Formation (former the upper Falla Formation) by paleontologist Dr. William Hammer in 1991. It is the first carnivorous dinosaur to be discovered in Antarctica and the first dinosaur of any kind from the continent to be officially named.[1] Dating from the Early Jurassic Period, it was originally described as the earliest known tetanuran, though subsequent studies have found that it is probably more closely related to the dilophosaurs.[2]
Cryolophosaurus was about 6 to 8 meters (20 to 26 feet) long, which is significantly smaller than the largest Allosaurus, which reached up to 12 meters (40 feet) in length.
A high, narrow skull was discovered, 65 centimeters (25 inches) long. The peculiar nasal crest runs just over the eyes, where it rises up perpendicular to the skull and fans out. It is furrowed, giving it a comb-like appearance. It is an extension of the skull bones, near the tear ducts, fused on either side to horns which rise from the eye sockets (orbital horns). While other theropods like the Monolophosaurus have crests, they usually run along the skull instead of across it.[3]

"Cryolophosaurus is also of significance because it represents the oldest known tetanuran from any continent — it is the only one from the Early Jurassic."
—William R. Hammer
Classification is difficult because the Cryolophosaurus has a mix of primitive and advanced characteristics. The leg bone (femur) has traits of early theropods, while the skull resembles much later species of the clade Tetanurae, like China's Sinraptor and Yangchuanosaurus. Originally, Hammer and colleagues suspected that Cryolophosaurus might be a ceratosaur or even an early abelisaur, with some traits convergent with those of more advanced tetanurans, but ultimately concluded that it was itself the earliest known member of the tetanuran group.[1] While a subsequent study by Hammer (along with Smith and Currie) again recovered Cryolophosaurus as a tetanuran, a later (2007) study by the same authors found that it was more closely related to Dilophosaurus and Dracovenator than to tetanurans.[3][2]
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SilverWolf738 Featured By Owner Nov 29, 2014
I remember being floored when I read about this guy in 1999. When I was a kid, we were taught that dinosaurs lived on every continent EXCEPT Antarctica. Then he was discovered and now we know Antarctica was a retirement home for many species of dinosaurs that had gone extinct elsewhere in the world.
HalletSchwarzeKatze Featured By Owner Nov 25, 2014
OMG is so perfect!, I love it!
Eaglesaurus Featured By Owner May 30, 2014
I love this picture cryolophosaurus is one of my all time favourite dinosaurs :D (Big Grin) 
Sparklet-Rayne Featured By Owner May 5, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Now that's lovely detail.
Eusou123 Featured By Owner Apr 19, 2014
it's pretty good. I love your work
Shaka-zl Featured By Owner Mar 18, 2013  Professional General Artist
this work inspired and motivated me a lot in doing a Cryolophosaurus. Thanks
GlitchHawk Featured By Owner Mar 4, 2013  Student Traditional Artist
Excellent work!! Beautifully done!
NixKat Featured By Owner Dec 9, 2012  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
CuzCreations Featured By Owner Jul 22, 2012  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Incredible work. I wish I could view it bigger.
NightingaleWind Featured By Owner Jun 5, 2012  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
My favorite Dinosaur....Excellent work!
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